By Paul C. Winther
Anglo-European technological know-how and the Rhetoric of Empire provides the recorded evidence of allegedly scientific use of opium in colonial India and British exam and supreme reputation of this custom. putting the opium controversy in its large context, the publication sheds mild on British diplomatic tools for prolonging colonial rule.
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Extra resources for Anglo-European Science and the Rhetoric of Empire; Malaria, Opium, and British Rule in India, 1756-1895
26 Chapter 1 Quinine was the alkaloid that Anglo-European physicians and lay people wanted. But great demand and scarcity meant exorbitant prices for the substance. Few people could afford to buy it. Slightly less than forty years after Pelletier and Caventou, several western nations attempted to ensure an ample supply of quinine and its sister alkaloids. They planted varieties of the cinchona tree in locales under their control. With one exception, these efforts failed during the nineteenth century.
Solutions tended to be disease-specific. A drug or therapy that eliminated one kmd of microbe might be ineffective for another type of harmful organism. The prescription could even exacerbate misery or kill the patient. Proponents of nineteenth-century interpretations of humoral and tellurian theories rarely expressed this level of awareness. Humoral theoreticians, for example, continued to view health as a body in equilibrium and a cure was a substance or procedure that restored balance. A prophylactic was something that prevented change in internal equilibrium.
15By 1890, however, a substantial-and increasingnumber of members of the scientific community recognized the numerous, separate diseases formerly subsumed under ‘malaria’were actually the product of different species of microorganisms. For these theoreticians, the misamatic paradigm had become an anachronism Qarcho 1970:38). The few proponents of humoral theory had even less support from reputable investigators. The nosological confusion dominating ancient Greek disease therapy, and almost two thousand years thereafter in western societies, was coming to an end.
Anglo-European Science and the Rhetoric of Empire; Malaria, Opium, and British Rule in India, 1756-1895 by Paul C. Winther