By Debra Davis
Genetic-based animal biotechnology has produced new meals and pharmaceutical items and provides many extra advances to profit humankind. those intriguing customers are followed by means of substantial unease, notwithstanding, approximately concerns corresponding to protection and ethics. This publication identifies science-based and policy-related matters approximately animal biotechnology - key concerns that needs to be resolved sooner than the recent breakthroughs can achieve their capability. The booklet contains a brief background of the sector and offers comprehensible definitions of phrases like cloning. applied sciences at the close to horizon, the authors talk about what we all know and what we worry approximately their results - the inadvertent unencumber of harmful microorganisms, the protection of goods derived from biotechnology, the effect of genetically engineered animals on their atmosphere. as well as those issues, the e-book explores animal welfare issues, and our societal and institutional means to control and keep watch over the know-how and its items. This obtainable quantity can be very important to every body attracted to the consequences of using animal biotechnology.
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Additional resources for Animal Biotechnology: Science-Based Concerns
The embryos also can be frozen and then either stored or transported before they are used to initiate a pregnancy. It is a relatively common technology and has been used to produce an estimated 40,000 to 50,000 thousand beef calves every year (NAAB, 1996). The approach is to induce, by using hormones, the maturation and release of more than a single egg from the ovaries (superovulation; Driancourt, 2001). Then, the animal usually is inseminated with semen from an equally select bull, and the embryos are collected and transferred individually, or in pairs, to the reproductive tract of less valuable cows, which carry the calf to term.
Indeed considerable efforts are being made to expand the INTRODUCTION 23 range of such technologies in order to prevent epidemic spread of disease in flocks and herds, which are particularly at risk when farmed under intense conditions (BBC, 2001). Even the therapeutic use of antibiotics to treat animals that have bacterial infections or are in danger of becoming infected seems not in itself to be controversial, except when antibiotics of medical importance to humans are employed. S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved antibiotics as feed additives for farm animals in 1951.
The committee notes a particular concern about the lack of any established regulatory framework for the oversight of scientific research and the commercial application of biotechnology to arthropods. In addition to the potential lack of clarity about regulatory responsibilities and data collection requirements, the committee also notes a concern about the legal and technical capacity of the agencies to address potential hazards, particularly in the environmental area. The committee considers it appropriate to identify some of the potential social implications of animal biotechnology.
Animal Biotechnology: Science-Based Concerns by Debra Davis